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Water Conservation
Agriculture Development
Land Reclamation
 
WATER CONSERVATION

Water is one of the key thematic areas on which TCSRD has been working since its inception. It has been following an integrated and comprehensive approach to meet the objective of providing adequate, assured and good quality water. To meet this objective, TCSRD has been implementing various water conservation and management projects especially in Mithapur region, where non availability of quality water is the biggest concern. This region is one of the most drought prone regions of the country with an average of 10-12 inches of annual rainfall. Due to the proximity to the sea and high runoff and slow soil retention rate the productivity of this region is very low.

TCSRDs water management and conservation projects targets water for agriculture, animal husbandry, drinking and household use.

Projects

Various interventions initiated by TCSRD at the Mithapur region under the integrated water management programs are as follows:

Water harvesting project:

The objective of this project is to increase the agriculture productivity by harvesting rainwater and subsequently developing the rainfall catchment area. The process includes addressing a complete watershed of the area using various interventions that target treatment from the ridge to valley of the watershed.  Some of the interventions under this project are as follows:

  • Deepening of the village ponds
  • Construction of small and medium water harvesting structures like check dams, farm ponds, farm bunds
  • Increasing the inflow by diversion channels
  • Creating storage tanks to help recharge water
  • Roof rain water harvesting

Replenishing the aquifers project:

The objective of this project is to increase the ground water level and improve the quality of the same. Some of the interventions under this project are as follows:

  • Well recharge - diverting rainwater into wells to recharge the aquifer through the wells
  • Construction of percolation tanks/ water harvesting structures that help recharge ground water

Drinking water project:

The main objective of the project is to establish community managed systems to secure access to safe drinking water in the salinity affected coastal villages of Gujarat. Some of the interventions under this project are as follows:

  • Setting up the distribution infrastructure having the combination of pipeline networking  and local water source
  • Drinking water well renovation
  • Setting up of reverse osmosis plant that provide drinking water
  • Roof rain water harvesting for household use.

Salinity Ingress mitigation project:

The main objective of the project is to stop the ingress of sea water as it hampers the agriculture growth and productivity of the area. Some of the interventions under this project including some common interventions such as creation of water harvesting structures are as follows:

  • Creating subsurface bandharas
  • Promotion of water management techniques and technology for water conservation.

Water conservation:

The main objective of this project is to enhance water through agriculture intervention which promotes efficient use of water. Some of the interventions under this project are as follows:

  • Micro irrigation equipment like drip irrigation, sprinklers
  • Crop diversification
  • Promoting new low water use crop varieties

TCSRD Partners:

With the financial and non financial support from various partners, TCSRD has been implementing all the above projects. It has been facilitating the integrated watershed development program for District Rural Development Authority (DRDA) in Dwarka, Khambaliya and Kalyanpur talukas of Jamnagar district.

In 2009, Costal Area Development Program (CADP) was launched by Gujarat government. CADP is a special initiative by Costal Salinity Prevention Cell (CSPC). The project proposes to cover 300 coastal villages spread across 9 districts for addressing drinking water security and safe sanitation by developing effective partnership with various stakeholders. The partnership is designed to bring about a synergy of available resources, to enhance the effectiveness of the “Coastal Area Development Program”.  As part-implementation of the program, a high powered steering committee has been set up for streamlining policies, procedure and liaisoning with external stakeholders. TCSRD is part of this steering committee.
The drinking water project has been implemented through various sub projects that include CADP and Water and Sanitation Management Organisation (WASMO) and some portions of the Okhamandal Samridh Gram Pariyojna (OSGP). WASMO handles the project at the district level. WASMO in partnership with TCSRD completed recharging and water harvesting work by deepening and development of Mayasar Lake. By doing so it has been able to solve the problem of drinking water for the whole of Dwarka town. Apart from providing the infrastructural development support for the distribution of potable water at the individual house, it will also provide support towards the construction of individual rain water harvesting structures. Beside this, TCSRD is also creating awareness on the importance of good quality water in order to reduce the water borne diseases caused by contaminated water.

The salinity ingress project is carried under the OSGP in 18 villages of Okhalmandal district. Roof Rain water harvesting scheme (RRWHS) with 7000 ltr capacity is supported by OSGP. The objective of RRWHS is to increase the supply of drinking water and availability of drinking water for the household purpose by harnessing rainwater from the roof top during the monsoon season.

Methodology

For the sustainability of the entire projects, the principal of community management and engagement to has been followed throughout the planning, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation phases of the projects.
The process starts with mobilizing the community support through awareness building activities. Village level watershed/ farmers/ drinking water committees are formed and women along with other members of the community involvement are ensured of in all the activities. Continuous capacity building programs, technical support, social training and social support is provided to ensure long term sustainability of projects. Village action plans are made with community participation by following participatory appraisals approach. Technical and economic feasibility of the projects are assessed and shared with the community. The contribution structure is chalked out involving all the parties involved in the development process.
On completion of the projects, information about the project is disclosed to all by providing the information in public places.

Outcome

WASMO in partnership with TCSRD completed recharging and water harvesting work by deepening and development of Mayasar Lake. By doing so it has been able to solve the problem of drinking water for the whole of Dwarka town. WASMO in partnership with TCSRD has been implementing this program in 15 villages (6 villages of Okhamandal taluka/block and 9 villages of Kalyanpur taluka). Apart from providing the infrastructural development support for the distribution of potable water at the individual house, it has also provided support towards the construction of individual rain water harvesting structures. So far, more than 700 structures have been provided in the villages. Beside this, TCSRD is also creating awareness on the importance of good quality water in order to reduce the water borne diseases caused by contaminated water.

  • Formation of VLO (Village Level Organization) - Total 40 VLO are working as executive body at village level
  • Water conservation - 237 MCFT capacities created benefiting 27 villages resulting in 6420 acre of land covered under irrigation and Agriculture intervention thus improved production by 40%. The direct economic gain per year is approximately Rs. 240 -270 lakhs.
  • Water Management - 270 farmers have adopted new water saving technology (drip & sprinkler). The farmers are using technology in 1345 acre of land which results in water saving by 32-50% and increase in area under irrigation
  • Drinking Water Infrastructure - The drinking water distribution infrastructure completed in 16 villages, covering 4545 HH.
WATERSHED DATA
S.No. DETAIL 2009 -10 2010 -11 CUMULATIVE
1 No of water harvesting structure (Medium structure)

202

20 222
2 No of water harvesting structure (Small structure,  Farm bund ,Farm pond, Percolation tank, Diversion channel)

1551

327 1878
3 Quantity of water harvested (MCFT)

201

25.35 226.35
4 Area covered under irrigation by medium and small structure (acre)

5430

1057 6487
5 No of drip and sprinkler

159

78 237
6 Area covered under water management technology / Agri development(area) Drip and Sprinkler (In acre) 790 390 1180

Outcome of the integrated water management program on agriculture growth and development

TCSRD role is to facilitate the process, add the last mile financing funds where ever required and ensure that benefits reach the economically weaker section.

The improved water quality and availability has also resulted in:

  • Increase in area under agriculture by reducing salinity ingress.
  • Diversification of agriculture from traditional cropping pattern to better return new cropping pattern.
  • Increase in agriculture income of the farmer.
  • Saving of water for agriculture by adopting water saving technologies like drip irrigation, sprinklers.
  • Increase in the availability of safe drinking water.

The indirect gains over and above are all the above mentioned benefits are:

  • Active involvement and capacity building of the community. Capacity building of people has lead to empowerment of the community, community advocacy and participation in policy formation  
  • The management and ownership of all structures rests with the village. Every structure built and every activity undertaken has been selected, implemented and regulated by village committees, user groups etc. The collected money is used for maintenance of water structures. This has resulted in a system of ownership, responsibility and creation of a participatory environment.
  • There is an increase in the level of  awareness among the community members and village cohesion

Way forward

To achieve the objective of providing adequate, assured and good quality water, water code will be established. The recommendations of the water study will be taken up to further strengthen the project. The Gomati river project will be implemented with the same rigor and results will be achieved.

CASE STUDY (Water Management in a Drought Prone Area)
CASE STUDY (Tupni – success story)
Animal Husbandry
Pond Management
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